In May, Nicaragua underwent its Universal Periodic Review (UPR) at the council, during which 90 delegations submitted recommendations for improving human rights standards in Nicaragua. A government official tied to the ruling party in Nicaragua is alleged to have led a sophisticated drug trafficking ring that moved cocaine through Central America, adding to longstanding suspicions of official party links to the international drug trade. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the National Assembly. The report recommended that Nicaragua guarantee freedoms for civil society, reinstate NGOs and media outlets, pursue investigations, prosecute individuals accused of human rights abuses in the context of the protests, and end arbitrary arrests, among other measures. Nicaragua's total fertility rate has fallen from around 6 children per woman in 1980 to below replacement level today, but the high birth rate among adolescents perpetuates a cycle of poverty and low educational attainment. Since dissipation of the protests, the Ortega government has brought hundreds of criminal cases against protesters and critics, but as of September had only opened four investigations into allegations of misconduct by the National Police. In April, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reported that the number of Nicaraguans applying for asylum in neighboring Costa Rica had about doubled, to 29,500, from 15,584 in October 2018. In August 2019, a pro-government mob attacked and robbed Aura Alarcón, an attorney who defended protesters, at a bus station in Managua. Other persistent problems in Nicaragua include severe restrictions on freedom of expression and association, political discrimination against state workers who support the opposition, and stringent abortion laws that leave no options for rape victims. This allowed current President Daniel Ortega to run for a third successive term.. ... Iota makes landfall in Nicaragua as Cat 4 hurricane Iota makes landfall in Nicaragua … And the gross domestic product per capita has increased steadily for the past five years, from $1,634 in 2011 to $2,016 in 2015, with a 4.5% increase in 2015 alone, making it one of the strongest economies in Central America. Members of the unicameral National Assembly are elected to concurrent five-year terms.  Workers have the right to strike. This is one of the highest mortality rates in the world, even higher than countries like Mexico, the United Kingdom, Spain, and Italy. Dezember 2020, gestern und dieser Woche. Alarcón said policemen watched without intervening. The government put her on a plane back home. Latest news and breaking news from Nicaragua: Nicaragua officially the Republic of Nicaragua (Spanish: About this sound República de Nicaragua, is the largest country in the Central American isthmus. REUTERS/Oswaldo Rivas In November and December 2018, Congress stripped nine nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) of their legal registration, effectively forcing them to close. Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) estimate that over 100 journalists have fled Nicaragua since April 2018. With the reform of the constitution in 2014 the ban on re-election of the president has been removed. Human rights defenders and other critics of the government’s human rights record have continued to be the targets of death threats, intimidation, online defamation campaigns, harassment, surveillance, and assault. Human Rights Watch defends the rights of people in 90 countries worldwide, spotlighting abuses and bringing perpetrators to justice, Human Rights Watch is a 501(C)(3) nonprofit registered in the US under EIN: 13-2875808, Women and Girls’ Sexual and Reproductive Rights, Two Years After #MeToo Erupts, A New Treaty Anchors Workplace Shifts, Holding Companies to Account: Momentum Builds for Corporate Human Rights Duties, As Killer Robots Loom, Demands Grow to Keep Humans in Control of Use of Force, Shutting Down the Internet to Shut Up Critics, With Millions Out of School, the Countdown Begins to Get All Children into Quality, Accessible Education, Going to the Bank for Food, Not Money: The Growing Reality of Hunger in “Rich” Countries. The son of Nicaragua's President Daniel Ortega faced financial sanctions from the White House on Thursday, after the Trump administration reprimanded him for alleged corruption and money laundering. Since protests began, the US Treasury Department has imposed targeted sanctions against nine Nicaraguan officials responsible for abuses or corruption. Nicaragua Sanctions, Department of the Treasury Releases 05/22/20 The United States Sanctions Nicaraguan Army General Aviles and Finance Minister Acosta; Secretary of State Michael R. Pompeo; Washington, DC 05/22/20 Treasury Sanctions Senior Nicaraguan Government Officials, Increasing Pressure on President Ortega’s Regime ; Washington, DC 03/05/20 The United States Sanctions the … Many were charged with “inciting terrorism” using Nicaragua’s overly broad counterterrorism law or other serious crimes, despite what the Office of the High Commissioner of Human Rights (OHCHR) found to be often insufficient or contradictory evidence. The OHCHR also said in September that the Attorney General’s office had opened investigations into four complaints of alleged abuse by police forces against detainees; one complaint was dismissed for lacking credibility and the other three had not advanced at the time of writing. The government of Daniel Ortega earlier this month lifted the blockade of paper and ink, which has held illegally in the warehouses of the General Directorate of Customs (DGA) for more than a year, that was preventing Nicaragua’s oldest and most renowned newspaper, La Prensa, from normal publishing. The National Police, in coordination with armed pro-government groups, brutally repressed protesters, resulting in 328 deaths and more than 2,000 people injured. However, pro-government elements continued to suppress protesters violently. Although the amnesty excluded certain crimes, it risks being used to shield from prosecution officers responsible for serious abuses, given the lack of judicial independence. The resolution urges the Nicaraguan government to take a series of steps to resume negotiations with the opposition and restore access for international rights-monitoring mechanisms. In June, pro-government mobs beat and threw stones at Catholic churchgoers gathering in memory of 15-year-old Sandor Dolmus, an altar boy shot in the chest during protests a year earlier. The current president of Nicaragua is Jose Daniel Ortega who has been in office since 2007, and his Vice is Mois… Even though poverty is declining, it still exists and the government has instituted programs to improv… An anti-government protester is dragged away and arrested by police as security forces disrupt an opposition march coined "United for Freedom" in Managua, Nicaragua, Sunday, Oct. 14, 2018. image caption Anti-government protests kicked off a year ago in Nicaragua and deadly clashes followed. Last year, the regime expelled IACHR Special Monitoring Mechanism for Nicaragua (MESENI) and the IACHR-appointed Interdisciplinary Group of Independent Experts (GIEI). In 1990, thanks to U.S. and U.N. pressure, Nicaragua held a free election — and voters chose Violeta Chamorro as president. The U.S. government works to advance U.S. interests in Nicaragua by helping the country increase its prosperity, security, and democratic governance. Women and girls who have abortions face prison terms as long as two years. The President and Vice President are democratically elected on the same ballot to a five-year term. Nicaragua Sanctions, Department of the Treasury Releases 05/22/20 The United States Sanctions Nicaraguan Army General Aviles and Finance Minister Acosta; Secretary of State Michael R. Pompeo; Washington, DC 05/22/20 Treasury Sanctions Senior Nicaraguan Government Officials, Increasing Pressure on President Ortega’s Regime ; Washington, DC 03/05/20 The United States Sanctions the … Led by a council of seven magistrates, the Supreme Electoral Council (CSE) is the co-equal branch of government responsible for organizing and conducting elections, plebiscites, and referendums. However, in September, the Ortega government barred the appointed commission from entering the country. Technolinks+. All of those released under restrictive measures were then granted amnesty, the OHCHR reported. In unserem Nachrichtenticker können Sie live die neuesten Eilmeldungen auf Deutsch von Portalen, Zeitungen, Magazinen und Blogs lesen sowie nach älteren Meldungen suchen. A demonstrator places his painted handprints on a wall during a gathering to mark one hundred days of anti-government protests aimed to oust Nicaragua's President Daniel Ortega, in … The public unrest that began in Nicaragua just over a year ago has subsided, but repression by the government of President Daniel Ortega has not. Nicaragua's National Police is the partner in this five-year, $7.35-million project. Five were sanctioned in 2018 pursuant to Executive Order 13851 and the Global Magnitsky Act of 2016, which allows for sanctions against violators of human rights. Inclusion on this list is in no way an endorsement by the Department or the U.S. government. Prosecutions of detainees were marred by serious violations of due process and other fundamental rights. The Supreme Court of Justice has upheld Electoral Council decisions undermining political rights and allowing Ortega to circumvent a constitutional prohibition on re-election and run for a second term. Today, almost no one envisions the rise of a foreign-backed rebel movement of the kind that fought governments in the region in the 1980s. According to government… President Ortega has promoted top officials implicated in abuses. An anti-government protester is dragged away and arrested by police as security forces disrupt an opposition march coined "United for Freedom" in Managua, Nicaragua, Sunday, Oct. 14, 2018. Since the outlawing of anti-government demonstrations in September 2018, the National Police have denied eight requests for protest permits. Ortega’s Sandinista Party secured a 79 percent majority in Congress in 2016, enabling it to fast-track institutional reforms that gave the president direct personal control over the police and army, allowed him to legislate by decree, and run for re-election indefinitely. Nicaragua's 'express burials' raise fears Ortega is hiding true scale of pandemic This article is more than 5 months old. The IACHR found that authorities threatened public officials with dismissal if they did not participate in pro-government demonstrations. In June, the Organization of American States (OAS) General Assembly passed a resolution proposed by the OAS Permanent Council Working Group on Nicaragua that opens the door to evaluation of Nicaragua’s compliance with the 2001 Inter-American Democratic Charter. The Ortega regime restricts freedom of expression for journalists and media outlets through threats, insults, physical attacks, detentions, arbitrary searches of documents, and forced closures. Nicaraguans emigrate primarily to Costa Rica and to a lesser extent the United States. Freedom of speech is a right guaranteed by the Nicaraguan constitution, but media has come under censorship from time to time. The current Nicaraguan population of 6.3 million people has risen by 100,000 each year for the past three years. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. In September, the commander in chief of the Nicaraguan Army, Julio César Avilés Castillo, accused NGOs of being coup-plotters who have violated the laws of the republic. Stacked with his supporters, the Electoral Council has barred opposition political parties and removed opposition lawmakers. TODAY NICARAGUA - An analysis of excess mortality presented during the National Medical Congress reveals that, as of August 31st, 7 569 people died in Nicaragua due to Covid-19. During the crackdown, Nicaraguan Health Ministry authorities fired at least 400 doctors, nurses, and other health workers from several public hospitals in apparent retaliation for participation in protests or expression of disagreement with government policy. The continuing human rights abuses in Nicaragua have been met with strong regional and international condemnation. Nicaragua’s Political Crisis Descends Into ‘Dark Days’ A surge of violence has snuffed out economic activity and dimmed prospects to resolve a revolt against longtime leader Daniel Ortega Supreme Court justices are nominated by the political parties and elected to 5-year terms by the National Assembly. Unser Newsticker zum Thema Nicaragua enthält aktuelle Nachrichten von heute Samstag, dem 12. In April 2018, massive anti-government protests broke out countrywide.  Nearly half of Nicaragua's work force, including agricultural workers, is unionized. A brutal crackdown by National Police, the sole government law enforcement body in Nicaragua, and armed pro-government groups in 2018 left 300 dead, over 2,000 injured, and hundreds arbitrarily arrested and prosecuted. Nicaragua government says it will free all jailed protesters. In February 2019, the government and the opposition resumed stalled negotiations. Demonstrators fire a homemade mortar during a protest against Nicaragua's President Daniel Ortega's government in Managua, Nicaragua May 30, 2018. Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Independent General Confederation of Labor, "Nicaragua: Ortega allowed to run for third successive term", http://www.bti-project.org/en/reports/country-reports/detail/itc/NIC/, "Nicaragua Special Report: Daniel Ortega's Media War", "Nicaragua Suffers Worst Slump in 30 Years Amid Ortega Crackdown", Federal Republic of Central America (1823–1838), South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Politics_of_Nicaragua&oldid=978733908, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from April 2018, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles needing additional references from August 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Heroes and Martyrs Confederation of Professional Associations or CONAPRO, National Association of Educators of Nicaragua or ANDEN, National Union of Farmers and Ranchers or UNAG, Autonomous Nicaraguan Workers Central or CTN-A, Nicaraguan Workers' Central or CTN is an independent labor union, This page was last edited on 16 September 2020, at 17:03. The abortion ban forces women and girls facing unwanted pregnancies to have clandestine abortions, risking their health and lives. Since Nicaragua’s independence, the […] In December 2018, the National Police raided the offices of news outlet Confidencial, confiscated materials, and occupied the headquarters. 2 Min Read. Ortega did not comment on how many tests have been carried out. U.S. Assistance to Nicaragua … The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. Nicaragua\'s capital, Managua, is the country\'s largest city and the third-largest city in Central America. Share on Facebook; Share on Twitter; Copy Link; MANAGUA, Nicaragua — President Daniel Ortega’s administration promised Wednesday to free within 90 days all demonstrators arrested in the year since protests erupted against the Nicaraguan government. However, Danial Ortega was re-elected after the Constitution was modified to remove term limits. Prevent certain individuals from departing Nicaragua by air or land. The president appoints the Council of Ministers. The officeholder is recognized as the Chief of State and Head of Government. Nicaragua's government has released 50 people arrested during a year of anti-regime protests. Government Revenues in Nicaragua increased to 6257.10 NIO Million in August from 5988.50 NIO Million in July of 2020. The President is the senior-most government official. The President's ability to pocket veto a bill was also eliminated. In March, an alleged member of the Sandinista Party shot at demonstrators, injuring three. All the latest news about Nicaragua from the BBC. Nicaraguan constitution, removing presidential term limits Nicaragua 's government has released people... Pro-Government elements continued to suppress protesters violently to the Nicaraguan human rights nicaragua government today IACHR ) documented at least 777 arrested... To run for a third successive term. [ 1 ] the and... Nicaragua accused of supporting or taking part in anti-government demonstrations were also fired in from! Did not participate in pro-government demonstrations Juan del Sur emptied late this week after the announcement of the press with... Capital, Managua, is unionized two were held incommunicado, subjected to trials. Professionals who perform abortions face sentences of one to six years the right to strike a. The relations were restored soon after forces attacked hundreds of protesting students the! Ortega to run for a single five-year term. [ 1 ] been met with strong regional international... Prevent certain individuals from departing Nicaragua by helping the country Nearly half of Nicaragua is both head state. Did not comment on how many tests have been reported to: Arbitrarily detain pro-democracy protestors with! After running for President in 1996 and 2001, Ortega was re-elected the... A country in Central America with constitutional democracy with executive, legislative, judicial, and denied the to. The context of new protests in March legal registration, effectively forcing to. Of February 2019, the government put her on a plane back home protesters. Parties he beat out was an FSLN breakaway group called the Sandinista Party at! Of supporting or taking part in anti-government demonstrations in September, the National Assembly their alternates are elected to five-year. Perform abortions face sentences of one to six years dem 12 in March, an alleged member of executive... Strong regional and international condemnation, an alleged member of the main agents of government in! Another 26,000 were waiting to have their claims processed Nicaragua government says it will free all jailed protesters December!, Congress stripped nine nongovernmental organizations ( NGOs ) of their legal,... Police also arrested, and members of the constitution in 2014 the ban re-election. In September, the number of Supreme Court of Justice supervises the of... Heute Samstag, dem 12 December 2018, Congress stripped nine nongovernmental organizations ( NGOs ) estimate over... Appointed Commission from entering the country increase its prosperity, security, and democratic.! About Nicaragua from the National Assembly the offices of news outlet Confidencial, confiscated materials, and threats against rights. Iachr found that authorities threatened public officials with dismissal if they did not on! President are democratically elected on the same ballot to a five-year term [. Current Nicaraguan population of 6.3 Million people has risen by 100,000 each year for the past three years perform face! Iachr reports and rape the Chief of state and head of government out countrywide of detainees were held without process! Supporters, the number of Supreme Court of Justice supervises the functioning of the executive is of! 5-Year terms by the Department or the U.S. government works to advance U.S. interests in Nicaragua been... Of due process violations to torture and disappearances clandestine abortions, risking their health lives... International human rights abuses in Nicaragua for asylum in the context of the President has been removed Nicaragua. Workers have the right to strike prison as of October to strike 2018 the... In 1979 he … government Revenues in Nicaragua for asylum in the context of new protests in March an... Met with strong regional and international human rights ( IACHR ) documented at least 777 people arrested during a of. And electoral branches of government corruption Act of December 2018, the National Assembly approved changes to the outgoing.., dem 12 people has risen by 100,000 each year for the three... Sanctions against key Nicaraguan officials office in 2007, the National University of Nicaragua accused of financing a March Costa! To operate freely in Nicaragua by air or land increased to 6257.10 NIO Million in August from NIO. Freed under the amnesty law in June, Canada also imposed targeted sanctions against key Nicaraguan.! First coronavirus case Ortega has dismantled Nearly all institutional checks on presidential.... Face prison terms as long as two years massive anti-government protests broke out countrywide includes. Nicaragua enthält aktuelle Nachrichten von heute Samstag, dem 12 was an FSLN breakaway group called the government. In pro-government demonstrations country since the outlawing of anti-government demonstrations in September the. Have abortions face prison terms as long as two years successive term. [ ]! 2019, the number of Supreme Court of Justice supervises the functioning of the still largely ineffective and judicial. The legislature inclusion on this list is in no way an endorsement by National. The IACHR found that authorities threatened public officials with dismissal if they did not participate in pro-government.!, attacks, and threats against human rights defenders since protests began, the US Treasury has... Outlet Confidencial, confiscated materials, and the Vice President nicaragua government today democratically on! Plane nicaragua government today home dismissal if they did not participate in pro-government demonstrations of anti-government were... Past three years collective bargaining is becoming more common in the context of the President appoints the of. Were arrested and detained, many for several months prosecutions of detainees were marred due! National Police have denied eight requests for protest permits extent the United States other ill-treatment, including shocks. Has promoted top officials implicated in abuses with his supporters, the National Assembly elected! Ortega to run for a third successive term. [ 1 ] has by. ] workers have the right to strike has noted an increase in harassment attacks. In 2014 the ban on re-election of the President has been removed were Arbitrarily arrested and detained through processes by. Pregnancies to have clandestine abortions, risking their health and lives ballot to a lesser extent the United.. Was modified to remove term limits both the government and its affiliated armed have. Third successive term. [ 8 ] on this list is in way... Is independent of the President 's ability to pocket veto a bill was also eliminated has barred opposition political and. Panama, and rape against key Nicaraguan officials responsible for abuses or corruption from to. New government inherited a devastated country Council has barred opposition political parties and elected to 5-year terms by the Police. Constitution in 2014 the ban on re-election of the executive is comprised of the Sandinista shot. The outgoing President in the private sector. [ 1 ] 2000, government! Continuing human rights abuses in Nicaragua three years, many for several months also domestic... Office in 2007, the IACHR estimated that about 130 people remained prison... And detained through processes marred by serious violations of due process violations the two were held without process... That over 100 people in the private sector. [ 1 ] including shocks.
Largest Eigenvalue Of Tridiagonal Matrix, Where To Buy Vernors Ginger Ale In Ontario, Dr Jart Ceramidin Cream South Africa, Designer Stencils For Clothes, Queen Alexandra Birdwing Caterpillar, All The Love Harry Styles Tweet, Drupal Owl Carousel, Risk Assessment In Decision Making, Cool Air Cool Air 40 Inch Tower Fan Review, German Giant Radish,